There are so many reasons why you may look into buying a new home. For example, you’re sick of the freezing cold winters in Wisconsin and dream of having a vacation home in Florida, you’re tired of paying that high monthly rent and want to build up equity, or you dream of having a big back yard with a white picket fence where you envision your family running around in, the list goes on and on. While some might think of buying a home as a stressful process, it can actually be an exciting one once you understand more about the home buying process!
Home buying process
The home buying process generally follows this pattern:
- Obtain written pre-approval from a lender
- Choose a Realtor
- Look at houses
- Choose a House and Write Offer(s)
- Receive an Accepted Offer
- Call your mortgage company IMMEDIATELY to get the process started
- Mortgage Underwriting
- Get Home Inspection / Complete Paperwork for Application
- Lender will schedule Appraisal of new home
- Lender provides loan commitment letter
- Mortgage Approval
- Closing and Paperwork signing
We’ll go through these one by one. You may also be wondering what are the requirements to qualify for a mortgage? Don’t worry, we have you covered with our home buyer requirements page.
What is a pre-approval letter and what is its purpose in the home buying process?
A pre-approval letter is a piece of paper that you get from a bank, credit union or mortgage banker. A pre-approval letter tells the seller, “Hey, the person who wrote this offer to purchase your house. I’m here to tell you, this person will be able to obtain financing to buy your house. Rest assured, if you accept their offer, everything will work out great!”.
That’s great in a perfect world, but here’s the problem, not all pre-approval letters are created equal. Most lenders will issue what is known as a Credit Verified Pre-approval. The lender goes through the motions of obtaining your social security numbers, dates of birth and other basic information needed to access your credit reports. They first look at your credit scores and ensure they meet the minimum credit scores to qualify (more on that later). Then they likely look at your open credit cards, installment loans and other debts to ensure you don’t have any late payments, bankruptcies or collections. They ask you basic information about the purchase price and downpayment. If that all looks good, they tell you the rate and issue you a credit verified pre-approval which will be good for 90 days which becomes your home shopping window.
Unfortunately, a typical credit verified pre-approval is NOT good enough in today’s world where strict lending guidelines run the show. A credit verified pre-approval can lead to unexpected surprises during underwriting and could prevent you from obtaining financing on your home (no financing means no new home). During mortgage underwriting you’ll face substantial amounts more scrutiny with regards to verification of downpayment, income and debts.
Verifying your downpayment, income and debts UPFRONT eliminates surprises down the road and that’s why we encourage all of our first time home buyers to get a Rock Solid Pre-approval. A rock solid pre-approval is different because Accunet will run you through a complete application process UPFRONT to discover any underwriting pitfalls before ever writing an offer. Plus, you’ll have the piece of mind of having the next best thing to a cash offer, a rock solid pre-approval. Oh, and, if we miss anything that prevents you from purchasing your house, we’ll pay you AND the seller $1,000. All the small print on that is on the right side of this page.
Choosing a Realtor
One of the benefits of having a realtor is that they will help guide you throughout the home buying process. There are two types of realtors: A seller’s agent and a buyer’s agent. If you’re home shopping without a realtor, a seller’s agent can represent both sides of the transaction and serve as a single intermediary between you (the buyer) and the seller. However, the agent representing both sides has a contractual obligation to represent the seller’s best interest and NOT yours. The agent representing both sides can help you write an offer on the house and make it a seamless process. However, a manifestation of serving the seller’s best interest may show itself with leaving out important contingencies, like financing or appraisal contingency in the offer. A buyer’s agent is a realtor representing your best interest. They can help write an offer and put in the recommended contingencies. All in all, they will help you along the way and relieve some stress of doing it all yourself. If you don’t have a buyers agent yet, we can help you find one when you start your pre-approval process.
Choose a House and Write an Offer
We’ve written about writing great offers in our Home Purchase Learning Center. We’ve also recommended giving yourself enough time to do an appraisal and financing contingency. Writing a successful offer is where an experienced and seasoned realtor can really shine. They can make this process seamless while protecting your interests as a buyer. As we mentioned before, writing an offer without a buyer’s agent will leave the seller’s agent helping you write your offer. The seller’s agent has to keep the seller’s best interest in mind and that may express itself in the contingencies included and excluded from the offer. In general, you should have contingencies for Inspection, Appraisal and Financing.
Receive an Accepted Offer / Kicking off the mortgage process
When you receive your accepted offer, it is absolutely imperative to give your loan officer a phone call that same day because the clock starts ticking immediately. The loan officer will collect any additional information, re-access your credit report (if needed), build an updated list of documents for you to provide (W2’s, pay stubs, bank statements, etc) and send over paperwork for signature. We’ll also get your appraisal ordered right away so we don’t lose any days on receiving an appraisal. We are battling against both the appraisal contingency and the financing contingency, so it is important to start right away. Your part in this will be getting us the necessary documentation as soon as possible.
Once you send in all the required documentation we can send your information to the underwriter. The underwriter looks at all the documentation and verifies the information we have collected. The underwriter can ask for more information if they need to trace back a large deposit or verify more income. Every transaction is a little bit different and we are typically able to get the underwriter all or almost all of the required information in the first go. However, if the underwriter does request more documentation, we will contact you. It is very important to send in these documents as quickly as possible because every day is valuable in a purchase transaction.
This is the day everyone has been waiting for. After months of searching for the perfect home, you can now take a big sigh of release, pop some bubbly and say to yourself, “I’m officially a homeowner”.
Buying your first home may seem overwhelming at first, which is why we make sure new buyers know what to expect during the home buying process. Owning a home has several financial and emotional benefits. We take pride in helping first-time home buyers get the best rate on their loan. Call now and let us help you take the next step toward buying your first home today.